Sunday, January 19, 2020

Willy Loman is No Tragic Hero in Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman :: Death of a Salesman Essays

Willy Loman is No Tragic Hero in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman In Arthur Miller’s essay about â€Å"Tragedy and the Common Man,† he argues that the common man is as appropriate a subject for tragedy as the very highly placed kings and noble men. Mankind keeps tragedy above all forms because they are given the same mental abilities as the nobles. In â€Å"Death of a Salesman†, Willy Loman is a common man and a middle class worker, enough saving to provide food for his family. So if the tragic hero can be a common man, does Willy fit in that category? Even though he is a common man he fails to live up to the standards of being a tragic hero because he never accepts nor admits to his own errors. He, therefore, loses his dignity. One of his biggest errors is his failure of be a good father. Willy Loman’s character is capable of making errors. He believes he is a very successful salesman and well liked. He also thinks that the company likes what he is doing. He once said, â€Å"I’m the New England man. I am vital in New England† (Miller pg. 32) Because of his false belief about his success Howard fired him. After he got fired charley offered him a job, but he refuses to accept, because he is too proud and jealous to work for Charley. His actions were wrong because at no time was a successful salesman. He is not a powerful character. Willy lives in his fantasies where he is the man. Who goes out to another place and comes out rich, he is love by everyone and admired by his family. In real life, he is lazy and does not live up to his own ideals. â€Å"As Aristotle explains, a tragic hero must be one of noble character and must fall from power and happiness.†(Www.ccd.rightchoice.org/lit115/poetics.html) but Willy neither has a noble characteristi c nor does he fall from power because he does not have a position of power. According to Miller, a tragic hero is someone who dies for personal dignity. Willy does die for his dignity. â€Å"Those who act against the scheme of things that degrades them.†(Miller. Tragedy of the Common Man) Willy, in his ideas and action of committing suicide, fits in that category. In act 2, Willy reveals his desires to win back Biff’s respect by committing suicide.

Saturday, January 11, 2020

Financial planning

Investment is not as simple as it seems. For, many people often wonder which of the different types of investment processes will yield more money in the shortest possible time(Weston, 1996). People often equate the viability of investments in terms of many factors including safety, risk, income, growth, and liquidity. The following paragraphs explain these decision making factors in detail. BODY Stock or Equity Financing. The investor will feel safe if he invests in a company that has a historical trend of generating profits(Gapenski, 1997). For, he gets a share of the income if the company makes money. On the other hand, the investor will have a high probability   of   squandering his or her money if the company he or she invests in has been generating losses for the past year or years of operation. To reiterate, he will generate income if the company generates income. Also, he or she will find his or her investment money decrease if the company generates losses. For, his or her investment in stocks or equity financing will grow if the company generates profits in its generating activities. Thus, if the company generates losses, the company will stop growing in terms of net assets. If the assets of the company are liquid, then this is a good investment. Liquidity is how very near the assets like inventory, accounts receivable and the remaining other assets can be easily converted into cash. Cash is the most liquid asset. The investor is the stockholder or owner of a certain percentage of the company. Surely, future income is unpredictable. Corporate and Goverment Bonds.  Ã‚   The investor will feel safe if the company he lends his money has been generating income for the past year or years of operations for there is strong probability that the company will have enough money to pay the bond investor. Evidently, this is a lender (investor) & borrower (loaner) relationship. Likewise, if the company is generating profits for the past years, then there a miniscule risk that the creditor will be paid when the due date for loan payment arrives. The income of the investor here is based on a pre –agreed interest rate. Thus, future interest income can be predicted. The growth is predictably fixed based on the periodic interest income rate agreed by the parties. Investment here is very liquid because the investor received fixed interest income on the money he lent to the company. Definitely, investment here is very predictably fixed. Mutual Funds.   Here, money from a group of investors is collected and invested in bonds, stocks and other short term money market securities and instruments. This is a safe investment because the mutual funds are invested by an expert third party in stocks, bonds or cash options such as Euro dollar, and other foreign currencies in what we call forward contracts. Thus, investments here are safe and the risk is very minimal. The income is very assured because money is invested in several income -generating companies. The mutual fund representatives are generally experts in giving advice on which funds to invest money in. The mutual fund advisor gathers data and analyzes the peculiarities of each fund and determines the optimal mix of securities and communicates this to the investor. Consequently, money invested here will grow fast because of the expert management of the mutual fund advisors. Finally, liquidity is reassured because the money invested in the different funds can be easily divested and the cash investment withdrawn.   Clearly, future income here is unpredictably in the investor’s favor. Real Estate.   Investment in real estate is very safe because the market value of land continues to escalate upward. Thus, there is a very small risk in real estate investments. Investment in land is very reassured because land prices continue to rise each year. Furthermore, growth will undoubtedly unfold each year. This investment is very liquid because, land can easily be sold and converted to cash anytime of the day. Investment here is very lucratively predictable. CONCLUSION: Four of the more popular investment methods are   1) Stock or Equity Financing 2)Corporate and Government Bonds 3) Mutual Funds 4) Real Estate. The bottom line here is that   the investor in interested to know if he or she will make money from investing his or her hard earned cash and cash equivalents. In conclusion, each investor will often choose the method which he or she is very comfortable with. REFERENCES: Weston et. Al., Essentials of Managerial Finance, Dryden Press, New York, 1996 Gapenski, L., Brigham, E., Financial Management, Dryden Press, New York, 1997    Financial planning Investment is not as simple as it seems. For, many people often wonder which of the different types of investment processes will yield more money in the shortest possible time(Weston, 1996). People often equate the viability of investments in terms of many factors including safety, risk, income, growth, and liquidity. The following paragraphs explain these decision making factors in detail. BODY Stock or Equity Financing. The investor will feel safe if he invests in a company that has a historical trend of generating profits(Gapenski, 1997). For, he gets a share of the income if the company makes money. On the other hand, the investor will have a high probability   of   squandering his or her money if the company he or she invests in has been generating losses for the past year or years of operation. To reiterate, he will generate income if the company generates income. Also, he or she will find his or her investment money decrease if the company generates losses. For, his or her investment in stocks or equity financing will grow if the company generates profits in its generating activities. Thus, if the company generates losses, the company will stop growing in terms of net assets. If the assets of the company are liquid, then this is a good investment. Liquidity is how very near the assets like inventory, accounts receivable and the remaining other assets can be easily converted into cash. Cash is the most liquid asset. The investor is the stockholder or owner of a certain percentage of the company. Surely, future income is unpredictable. Corporate and Goverment Bonds.  Ã‚   The investor will feel safe if the company he lends his money has been generating income for the past year or years of operations for there is strong probability that the company will have enough money to pay the bond investor. Evidently, this is a lender (investor) & borrower (loaner) relationship. Likewise, if the company is generating profits for the past years, then there a miniscule risk that the creditor will be paid when the due date for loan payment arrives. The income of the investor here is based on a pre –agreed interest rate. Thus, future interest income can be predicted. The growth is predictably fixed based on the periodic interest income rate agreed by the parties. Investment here is very liquid because the investor received fixed interest income on the money he lent to the company. Definitely, investment here is very predictably fixed. Mutual Funds.   Here, money from a group of investors is collected and invested in bonds, stocks and other short term money market securities and instruments. This is a safe investment because the mutual funds are invested by an expert third party in stocks, bonds or cash options such as Euro dollar, and other foreign currencies in what we call forward contracts. Thus, investments here are safe and the risk is very minimal. The income is very assured because money is invested in several income -generating companies. The mutual fund representatives are generally experts in giving advice on which funds to invest money in. The mutual fund advisor gathers data and analyzes the peculiarities of each fund and determines the optimal mix of securities and communicates this to the investor. Consequently, money invested here will grow fast because of the expert management of the mutual fund advisors. Finally, liquidity is reassured because the money invested in the different funds can be easily divested and the cash investment withdrawn.   Clearly, future income here is unpredictably in the investor’s favor. Real Estate.   Investment in real estate is very safe because the market value of land continues to escalate upward. Thus, there is a very small risk in real estate investments. Investment in land is very reassured because land prices continue to rise each year. Furthermore, growth will undoubtedly unfold each year. This investment is very liquid because, land can easily be sold and converted to cash anytime of the day. Investment here is very lucratively predictable. CONCLUSION: Four of the more popular investment methods are   1) Stock or Equity Financing 2)Corporate and Government Bonds 3) Mutual Funds 4) Real Estate. The bottom line here is that   the investor in interested to know if he or she will make money from investing his or her hard earned cash and cash equivalents. In conclusion, each investor will often choose the method which he or she is very comfortable with. REFERENCES: Weston et. Al., Essentials of Managerial Finance, Dryden Press, New York, 1996 Gapenski, L., Brigham, E., Financial Management, Dryden Press, New York, 1997   

Friday, January 3, 2020

The Time Of Early Human Civilization - 3258 Words

Punishment can be dated back to the time of early human civilization. It took a while for human civilization to begin imposing certain laws and regulations that would subsequent an act of crime. During the early time period of 2000 B.C. to 1800 A.D. (2010), ancient Babylonian and Sumerian codes began the model of creating a practice where criminals would be punished for their wrong doings. One of the earliest philosophies of this ancient time was the term Lex talionis or an eye for an eye. This practice is based on the criminal punishment idea of retribution, which means that a criminal deserves to be punished based on the crime committed. As time progressed, new ways of thinking emerged and eventually crime had to be the responsibility of the government because they believed that a crime committed against one citizen was considered to be committed against the whole society. During the enlightenment, great philosophers such as Cesare Beccaria, Jeremy Bentham, and John Howard changed the perspective on human life. Prior the enlightenment, people were not rational and they believed that behavior was not a function of their choice. That’s why they highly supported punishment for retribution. However, during post-enlightenment the main purpose of punishment became to deter or stop crime. In hopes of getting criminals of the street, new ways of punishing evolved but mainly it gave development to incarceration. The number of individuals living in correctional facilities acrossShow MoreRelatedCivilization : A World Without Civilization954 Words   |  4 PagesCivilization After being asked the question â€Å"What is Civilization?† I began to consider what civilization meant to me, and what could it have meant for millions of people in the past. Prior to beginning History 101, if you had asked me my views on civilization, it would have been a lot different than it is now. Before, I hadn’t really considered a world without civilization, the idea seems so foreign to us, modern day humans. A world with no cities, no towns, and no production or consumption? ItRead MoreEssay on Analyzing Early Mesopotamian Civilization1092 Words   |  5 Pagesanalyzing ancient civilization and how it began, there are many elements and aspects that should be considered. Questions such as how did civilization begin? What lead to its creation? Where did it begin, and why in that particular location? Many of these questions can be examined and answered by researching what many believe is the world’s earliest civilization, Mesopotamia. It is widely be lieved that this region was chosen and supported one of the world’s first civilizations. This area wasRead MoreThe Effects of Climate Change on Ancient Civilizations Essay959 Words   |  4 PagesClimate Change on Ancient Civilizations Previous climate change predictions have provided scientists, archaeologist and ecologists with information about the past and future of humans. These indications are backed up by scientific research based off of the physics of the Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, land and ice. In addition, many researchers have recently turned their focus to past civilizations and their downfall. With information from Mark Kinver’s â€Å"Roman Rise and Fall ‘Recorded in Trees’† studiesRead MoreEssential Elements Of Ancient Civilization748 Words   |  3 Pageseven to which ancient civilization they belonged? Before ancient civilizations were established though, life was all about being a hunter-gatherer. Imagine your greatest grandfather living a tough life where he had to move around all the time in a small group and hunt whatever he could find for food. Although that lifestyle lasted for thousands of years, early humans eventually began forming villages and communitie s, later known as civilizations. Nevertheless, these civilizations could not have formedRead MoreEssay What is a Civilization?1078 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is a civilization? This is a big question that some experts still debate it to find the best definition, especially between archeologists who have a definition of civilization for earlier civilization and anthropologist whose definition concern about recent civilization. However, both early and late civilization has many evidences that proof many steps of process in formating a civilization. Surprisedly, some research has found the remarkable evolving process from earlier civilization to the moreRead MoreThe Origins Of Our Cities1726 Words   |  7 Pagesfertile areas of the region. For example, I wanted to do some research on the Sumerian civilization around the fertile crescent and how the ancient Sumerian deities, the Anunnaki, played a part in influencing their way of life and their formation of their cities/communities. My interest started from my own curiosity of how people from the past all have similar stories of how human civilization began and how its early achievements were influenced by a god or gods. As a Korean American, I heard of similarRead MoreMesopotamian Literature : The Civilization1005 Words   |  5 PagesCivilization came a long way since what it first was. Human creativity was the root of the evolution of civilization. The basics of human survival in the Stone Age were creating fire, heat, clothing, and food from the surrounding resources of the lands. There were also many different cultural aspects among people in this age. In early Mesopotamia, the Mesopotamians and the Egyptians had a communal outlook on religion. Although their religious outlook was the same, they viewed the world in many differentRead MoreEssay about Early Civilization Compared to Modern Day America1662 Words   |  7 PagesEarly civilization shared similar common features, because all of these societies were under the same pressures. Their whole purpose was survival as it is to this day. Each societies main focus was to become established, stay in one place provide food, shelter and protection for their families. Early civilizations materialize along rivers, because rivers supplied a continuous and dependable supply of water for farming and human consumption. Agriculture today has had an enormous benefit on today’sRead MoreAncient Civilizations And The Modern World1379 Words   |  6 PagesAncient civilizations have had profound effects of what we know as the modern world today. The primary purpose for anything that liv es is to survive. Throughout history animals, plants and humans have adapted to their surroundings. All living things have changed throughout time. The thing that differs humans from the rest is, humans are more cognitively advanced. Over the course of time the shape and size of the human skull have changed. The size of the human brain has increased, which has allowedRead More greek Essay607 Words   |  3 Pagesthink of ancient cultures and civilizations, they don’t think about the kind of influences they might have had on our society. One of those cultures having the most influence being Ancient Greece. The Ancient world of Greece is far from ancient in the arts, philosophies, ideas, architectures, governments, religions, and everyday life of the people in the latter half of the twentieth century. Come, discover and explore the civilization that forms the foundation of human history. Come, step into the

Thursday, December 26, 2019

How to Slaughter a Goat - 692 Words

How to slaughter a goat Slaughtering a goat is a difficult tasks for some, and others a daily chore. Sometimes a person may come across a time when they need to slaughter a goat for food, or for other reasons, like religion. It is extremely important to pay close attention to details, and to never rush. The number one goal in animal slaughtering is to provide a clean, calm, and organized death. Today, we will learn what we need before we start, the emotional battle, and how to perform the slaughter. From personal experience, you will find that slaughtering a goat is a part of the real world. Humans eat meat everyday. A typically American purchases meat from the local grocery store that comes prepackage, and ready to cook. Others however, raise livestock themselves to provide for their family. This experience is not for everyone. If you have anxiety over animal slaughtering, you may not want to continue reading. For those that do continue to read, just appreciate it. You, personally, do not have to slaughter animals, and you still get to enjoy delicious meat. Before you begin, there are a few supplies you will need in order to provide a proper slaughter. As you start off, this may require two people depending on size of goat. Make sure to have assistance available in case help is needed with proper restraint. The next step, is to have a razor sharp knife. This is always required for goat slaughters. Check the sharpness of blade to guarantee a quick death. Seek professionalShow MoreRelatedI m Looking For Being Smart942 Words   |  4 Pagesrest of their lives. I think the biggest factor in influencing my perspective on marriage has to be my family, I feel like they are the number one source of my reference because I interact with them everyday. Seeing how they manage their relationship gives me a general guideline of how I need to manage mine. When it comes to a relationship, I think physical chemistry plays a huge role in attracting male and female. I personal ly do not think physical chemistry is the only method of keeping a coupleRead MoreThe Increase in the Number of Factory Farms in the United States945 Words   |  4 Pagesthe United States. These large farms, which evidently appear to be more like slaughterhouses than the typical farms a person can imagine are located throughout the United States. These factory farms contain animals ranging from chickens, sheep, goats, cows, turkeys, and pigs, they also contain dairy products. The conditions for the animals and the employees of these factory farms are inhumane and vile. Life behind the walls of the factory farm is both unsanitary for the animals and the employeesRead MoreThe Essence Of All Religions1058 Words   |  5 Pagesdifferent foods represent various the aspects of God, life, and especially religious life. The Jews have strict dietary laws that are a part of their religion. Kashrut is the Jewish law that deals with the specific foods Jews can and cannot eat and how those foods must be prepared and eaten. According to the Anchor Bible Dictionary, â€Å"as it applies to food, Kashrut covers the full range of biblical precept, rabbinic ordinance, evolving custom, and local practice within the Jewish community† (, 648)Read MoreFarmers Of Cattle Farm1665 Words   |  7 Pagesat the farm they can still sell their produce at market but not have to transport so many products. Probably will not do by cut at market because of hauling costs but will do halves and quarters. Farmer F is currently feeding out two steers to test how this will go. The USDA regulations are considered too strict and should be opened up to state regulation for more leniencies towards processing. The USDA needs more inspectors so it is more accessible to the processors thus more accessible to the farmersRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Julius Caesar1641 Words   |  7 PagesJulius Caesar, in order to highlight the importance of King Hamlet’s death and also foreshadow the discovery of betrayal. One of the reasons that Caesar was alluded to was to capture one of the themes of Hamlet: that everyone dies eventually. Like how King Hamlet was going to die eventually, Julius Caesar dies too. It is this realization that is a major part in Hamlet’s grief driven quest for self-knowledge. Another reason that Caesar was alluded to is to capture a similarity between Caesar’s sonRead MoreChupacabra1311 Words   |  6 PagesChupacabra. Restated Thesis: even with all the new found evidence which shows the Chupacabra to be just a myth, some will continue not to believe what science has proven. The Truth about Mexico’s mythical Chupacabra creature The Chupacabra or â€Å"Goat Sucker† has been the topic of legends among families of South America for many years. An elusive creature that has managed to slip through all trace of detection has made itself known in recent days. Farmers have described the Chupacabra as an evilRead MoreIn Vitro Meat1102 Words   |  5 Pagesmind after reading this. Humans have long used animals for a variety of purposes. For hundreds of thousands of years, people have hunted for food and clothing. Between 10,000 and 18,000 years ago, humans began to domesticate animals such as dogs, goats, sheep, and chickens as beasts of burden and as food. For at least 2,500 years, animals have been used in circuses and other forms of entertainment. In the second century C.E., the Greek scientist Galen conducted some of the first medical experimentsRead MoreA Brief Note On Companion Or Food?1140 Words   |  5 Pagesindividuals world wide have all of these animals as pets. Pet chickens, pet pigs, pet cows, and pet dogs share a common ground when it comes to what and how much they feel emotionally given specific circumstances. When pigs are about to be slaughtered in a slaughter house, these pigs can often sense the tension and thus cry uncontrollably prior to the slaughter. Cows often cry as result of realizing their fates. When arguing against the consumpti on of dogs, one cannot simply single out these animals andRead MoreFor Animal Rights Essay965 Words   |  4 Pagesthemselves against possible lawsuits. If they were sued for liability then they can back themselves up by saying that the product was tested for safety. How placing a piece of lipstick in the eye of a rabbit to see if it is safe for the consumer doesnt sound right to me. Im sure that my eye would feel irritable. How does this test prove that it is safe for the consumer? I dont believe that anybody would be putting lipstick in their eyes. Each year in the UnitedRead MoreBecoming A Vegan Is A Matter Of Personal Choice Essay1036 Words   |  5 Pagesis going to make you look scrawny or unhealthy please think again. Just imagine that cows, goats, gorillas, elephants, rhinoceroses and so on are all vegetarians (herbivores) but look at how tough these animals are. They also have a longer lifespan compared to the carnivores (meat eating animals). In the other hand, if you look at the chicken and vulture, these animals eat just about everything and notice how unhealthy these animals look. Is the same with us, if you anything you see from fast food

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Lean Teams And Six Sigma - 1546 Words

As a management system, six sigma permeates all aspects of an organization. Many of those who have had the opportunity to participate in six sigma projects have experienced the transformation of six sigma principles and concepts into the fabric of the management system of the companies in which they are employed by witnessing improvements that will have continuous, long term influences within the company. This is accomplished by creating alignment within the company leadership. Six sigma offers a way of thinking that facilitates improvement by reducing the amount of variation in each process. Statistical tools are used to provide insight so that management can predetermine process outcomes. It also provides a method to analyze a process to determine areas of possible improvement. Both lean teams and six sigma teams are process improvement teams. Lean teams are directed toward big picture multi-layered projects that involve people from different parts of an organization that may or may not agree upon what the focus should be. The common goal that drives every member of the team is the desire to eliminate time wasting practices along with physical waste. This is understood by all parties involved that any process or action that doesn’t support the need to meet the customer’s specifications for their product or service. The lean project time line has a duration of one to three months and the improvement techniques are not as complicated or invasive as six sigma. Six sigmaShow MoreRelatedPerformance Improvement: Lean or Six Sigma Essay1193 Words   |  5 PagesPerformance Improvement: Lean or Six Sigma Performance improvement is a constant focus in healthcare today to reduce costs and meet the demands of value-based purchasing and healthcare reform. Healthcare organizations have implemented various performance improvement methodologies to reduce operating expenses while improving quality and patient outcomes (Betka, 2012). Many healthcare organizations have turned to performance improvement methods such as Lean and Six Sigma to manage their costs, productivityRead MoreComparing Lean And Six Sigma Alpha Sigma1640 Words   |  7 PagesResubmit question 2. Contrast and compare lean and six sigma sigma teams. You may want to consult your Six sigma Sigma textbook (The Six sigma Sigma Black Belt Handbook by McCarty, Daniels, Bremer and]] [Gupta) since it contains extended discussions about these teams. Thinks of what skills team members need to have, how the teams are organized, what kind of problems they solve. For instance, lean teams may solve sporadic problem while six sigma sigma t eam may solve chronic problems that may not beRead MoreLean Six Sigm An Efficient Approach1234 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction: Lean Six Sigma is a collection of potent techniques and tools that assists organization in attainment of efficacy and enhanced productivity. This is an efficient approach as it highlights and brings out underlying causes behind poor yield experienced by consumers and therefore then put forward organization towards improvement. The deployment of Lean Six Sigma was initiated first by Motorola and GE in during 1980s. From then, the approach has been successfully implemented in variousRead MoreLean Manufacturing And Six Sigma1657 Words   |  7 Pagescustomers. Lean Manufacturing and Six-sigma approach has been applied in diverse manufacturing processes which in-turn has contributed significantly in achieving continuous improvements. By utilizing these tools, organizations focus on maximizing their bottom-line successes apart from improving their top-line growth. However, many organizations face difficulties while imparting these tools in their sophisticated business models. 2. Lean Six-sigma Methodology 2.1 Lean Management in Toyota Lean principlesRead MoreBusiness Process and Lean Six Sigma1715 Words   |  7 PagesKnow What Counts. Measure What Matters. Deliver Results. Lean Six Sigma and the Quest for Continuous Improvement. What if you could make innovation an integral part of your process? No one argues against continuous improvement. The concept of improving results and performance on a continual basis is universally hailed as a great idea. Doing it is another matter. First off, in order to improve continuously, you have to improve initially. Sometimes it’s easy to see the ï ¬â€šaws. Most of the time,Read MoreImplementation Of A Project Team Formed And A Manager From Procurement Department834 Words   |  4 Pages1. Define Phase implementation: A Project Team was formed and a manager from the procurement department had the following responsibilities. This phase deals with defining. †¢ Review the tools and techniques. †¢ Responsible for all the project deliverables. †¢ Responsible to meet the deadlines. †¢ Review the deliverables from process perspective. 2. Measure phase implementation: This phase dealt with the measurement by considering the current levels of procurement levels and measuring them with the dataRead MoreLean Six Sigma Success Is Driven By Business Leadership1205 Words   |  5 PagesLean Six Sigma Success Is Driven By Business Leadership General Electric has been wildly successful with Lean Six Sigma. While not suggesting you should copy their approach, the implementation of Lean Six Sigma in GE under the leadership of Jack Welch does provide clues from which we can learn. EXPERIENCING MASSIVE RETURNS In the first year of the program (1996), GE invested US$200 million with a return of US $170 million. By spring 1999, 800 champions, 700 Master Black Belts and 4,500 BlackRead MoreLean And Six Sigma Analysis Essay1271 Words   |  6 PagesLean and Six Sigma are individually powerful waste reduction and quality improvement methodologies. Lean creates speed by eliminating wasteful activities in business processes. Lean projects can be done in a high speed 3-5 day Blitz (Kaizen) mode of operation. Six Sigma techniques can eliminate quality and customer dissatisfaction issues by implementing disciplined problem solving techniques to get to the true root causes of complicated problems. Lean Manufacturing logic, tools and techniques wereRead MoreSix Sigma605 Words   |  3 PagesCan any organization achieve six sigma levels of quality if there is strong leadership from the top, an aligned reward system, and a well trained workforce? In 1995, Jack Welch, the chairman of General Electric, proclaimed that Six Sigma1 was the most important initiative GE had ever undertaken. Six Sigma places special emphasis on the tangible cost savings achieved by minimizing waste and use of resources, while increasing customer satisfaction through the improvement of quality2. A leadershipRead MoreManagement Philosophy : Six Sigma1020 Words   |  5 PagesSix Sigma is one of those words that most individuals don’t use in their everyday vocabulary. What is Six Sigma you may ask? Maybe it is some kind of product, a slogan or maybe it s a company. If you thought it was any of these things, you re wrong. Six Sigma is actually a management philosophy. It was developed by engineer Bill Smith (while working at Motorola in 1985). Six Sigma sets extremely high objectives, collects data, and analyzes results which reduces defects in products and services

Monday, December 9, 2019

Productivity and Cost Competitiveness System †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Productivity and Cost Competitiveness System. Answer: Introduction The Airlines Industry is the most complex as well as a flourishing industry. It involves capital requirement for the aircraft, monitoring of government regulations, competitiveness from other transportation, state policy and restrictions and higher level of experts in order to manage and operate. In modern days, the industry is facing competitive pressures due to increasing globalization, heavy maintenance and repair costs, labor costs and others (Adler Gellman, 2012). The report throws light on the increasing competitive pressures in the Australias Airline Industry. The airlines industry of Australia has an age old history and presently the country has a huge number of operating airlines across the world. The report highlights the competitive pressures of the industry in Australia. In addition to this, it includes the management accounting information and strategic analysis for a hypothetical medium sized airline, in order to be competitive in the existing industry. The Airlines industry is one of the booming and fastest growing industries, which offers their customers with exciting as well as lucrative services. Customers always look forward to those airlines which pay proper attention to their demands. They prefer Airlines which gives more and more offers and discounts. Their tastes and choices may change over time. Their preference depends on the magnitude of the services provided by the Airlines group. They may prefer travelling with the ones, who provide them with more services, offers and entertainment. The following section of the report discusses about the management procedures regarding the competitiveness of a medium size airline in Australia (Bamber et al., 2013). Market analysis A target market or group is referred to a group of individuals having similar needs or characteristics that the company has targeted to achieve. According to any Airlines Industry, their target customers are those who travel frequently or aspire to be an adept in travelling and who can easily adapt to the unknown and unfamiliar situation. Identification of the target market helps any airlines company to develop efficient marketing communication strategies (Borenstein Rose, 2014). In order to gain the competitive advantage among the competitors, the Airlines companies has started adopting differentiation generic strategies by contributing to the top class quality services. These initiatives are taken to be the best in the airlines industry and create a differentiating margin from the competitors. For instance, Emirates was the first to introduce TV screen for all classes in their flights. They have also used modern equipment, plane simulator for providing training courses. The purpose behind making such changes is to lead the industry and thus increasing national and international awareness which further leads to increase in demand and profit (Bush Starkie, 2014). Customer satisfaction plays a major role in any industry. In an airlines industry, passengers look forward to a comfortable and safe journey with the company. Disabled passengers need proper assistance from the Flight Attendants. They may require a stretcher or an incubator and medical attention during their travel. The Flight Attendants are required to attend the patients with proper care and medical needs. Disabled passengers may also require wheelchair services. They look forward to those who take care of their demands, offering them lucrative discounts and services (Button, 2017). The key success factors of any airlines company is the modern and latest services they offer, like big and comfortable seats, modern e-ticketing system and advanced technology aircrafts. All the factors distinguish the company from its competitors as well as it helps in attracting new customers. Moreover, a strong brand name and value helps in maintaining a good image and loyalty in front of the customers (Oum Yu, 2012). Strong brand recognition cannot be attained easily; it requires proper management and marketing. This is very important for the companys future growth and progress. In the Airlines industry, enhancing strong alliances between various companies is considered as a major trend. Through this trend, other companies share their own resources, via strong network which helps in reducing the operational costs. Furthermore, strong bonds with the suppliers are also compulsory for long-term agreements (Eaton, 2017). Management Agenda Each and every company has a specific cultural frame and successfully leading the cultural structure proves highly beneficial for the companys progress. The Airlines companies must encourage a culturally diverse group of employees, customers and staffs. They should also serve the customers happily, those who belong to different ethnicity or culture. Managing culturally diversified customers is a fundamental element for any business, as they play a very crucial role in the businesss growth and competitive approach (Button, 2017). Moreover, effective communication is the key element for a companys success. The leaders of any airlines company must encourage their employees or staff members to communicate openly, in order to avoid any miscommunication. It is important to understand the demands and desires of their customers and moreover, listens to their employees suggestions. This helps them provide the customers with superior services, which is beneficial for the company (Williams, 2017). Effective leadership process plays a very crucial role in the success of the airlines company in this competitive market. The leaders of an organization must organize, direct and control its employees and resources with morality and provide them with a great working environment. The airlines company must give equal amount of importance to the non monetary factors, like balancing professional as well as personal life, better opportunities of growth, good leadership and a friendly environment of work and training (Bamber et al., 2013). The companys guiding principles and culture have a significant impact on the organizations Human Resource practices and policies which include planning of manpower, selection and recruitment, training as well as development, welfare initiatives and others which makes the business an attractive one (Bush Starkie, 2014). Conclusion To conclude, in this fast and competitive market of Airlines, it is very difficult to stand in a well known position. Companies must take of its effectiveness in the leadership policies and management. Providing the customers with superior services is very important in order to differentiate from other airlines companies. Moreover, airlines companies must encourage diversity at the workplace, which helps in the progress in a huge way. In order to provide the customers with premium services, the Airlines must recruit superior, experienced and talented people from various countries and ethnic groups across the world. The leadership also provides new and innovative ideas and strategies which are actually beneficial for the companys growth and progress. It also helps the company to upgrade and improve their services for their customers. The employees must be offered with professional training, which encourages and motivates them. However, it is being expected that effective implementatio n of these strategies can help the Airlines Company in being competitive in the industry. References Adler, N., Gellman, A. (2012). Strategies for managing risk in a changing aviation environment.Journal of air transport management,21, 24-35. Bamber, G. J., Gittell, J. H., Kochan, T. A., Von Nordenflycht, A. (2013).Up in the air: How airlines can improve performance by engaging their employees. Cornell University Press. Borenstein, S., Rose, N. L. (2014). How airline markets work or do they? Regulatory reform in the airline industry. InEconomic Regulation and Its Reform: What Have We Learned?(pp. 63-135). University of Chicago Press. Bush, H., Starkie, D. (2014). Competitive drivers towards improved airport/airline relationships.Journal of Air Transport Management,41, 45-49. Button, K. (Ed.). (2017).Airline deregulation: international experiences(Vol. 1). Routledge. Eaton, J. (2017).Globalization and human resource management in the airline industry. Routledge. Oum, T. H., Yu, C. (2012).Winning airlines: Productivity and cost competitiveness of the worlds major airlines. Springer Science Business Media. Williams, G. (2017).The airline industry and the impact of deregulation. Routledge.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Unit 1 Review Constitutional Underpinnings Essays -

Unit 1 Review: Constitutional Underpinnings politics political participation single-issue groups policymaking system linkage institution policy agenda political issue policymaking institutions public policy majority rule minority rights representation pluralist theory elite and class theory AKA Marxist theory hyperpluralism policy gridlock individualism . Democracy Direct Democracy Indirect Democracy Popular Sovereignty Limited Government Constitution Natural rights Consent of the governed Limited government Articles of Confederation Shay's Rebellion# Factions New Jersey Plan Virginia Plan Connecticut Compromise Writ of habeas corpus Separation of powers# Checks and balances# Republic Federalist Anti-federalist Federalist Papers# Bill of Rights Equal Rights Amendment Marbury v. Madison# Judicial Review# Bicameral legislature Commerce Clause Enumerated Powers Implied Powers Inherent Powers Formal amendment Informal amendment Supermajority Veto Centralist Decentralist Unicameral legislature Direct election Indirect election Commerce clause Federalism# Unitary governments Intergovernmental relations Supremacy clause Tenth amendment McCulloch v. Maryland# Enumerated powers# Elastic clause# Gibbons v. Ogden Full faith and credit clause Extradition Privileges and immunities Dual federalism# Cooperative federalism# Fiscal federalism Categorical grants# Project grants Formula Grants Block grants# New Federalism Mandates Concurrent Power Police Power Reserved Powers Creative federalism *Unfunded mandate Reform Act of 1995 No Child Left Behind Act Unit 2: Civil Liberties/Civil Rights Civil liberties Slander Free Exercise Clause Sixth Amendment First amendment Libel Fourteenth amendment Probable Cause self-incrimination Plea Bargaining Establishment clause Symbolic Speech Prior restraint Exclusionary Rule Fifth Amendment Incorporation Doctrine Zelman v. Simmons - Harris, 2002 Barron v. Baltimore, 1833 Engel v. Vitale, 1962# Gitlow v. New York, 1925 Near v. Minnesota, 1931 Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963# Zurcher v. Stanford Daily, 1978 McClesky v. Kemp, 1987 Miller v. California, 1973 Gregg v. Georgia, 1976 Roe v. Wade, 1973 # Planned Parenthood v. Casey 1992 # Texas v. Johnson, 1989# Lemon v. Kurtzman, 1971 Schenck v. U.S., 1919 # NAACP v. Alabama, 1958 Miranda v. Arizona, 1961# Mapp v. Ohio, 1961 Roth v. U.S. Red Lion Broadcasting Company v. Federal Communication Commission, 1961 Miami Herald publishing company v. Tornillo , 1974 Double jeopardy Due process clause Eminent domain Indictment Miranda rights Police powers Seditious speech Clear and present danger doctrine Griswold v. Connecticut Communications Decency Act, 1997 Ashcroft v. ACLU Webster v Reproductive Health Services, 97 Palko v. Connecticut, 1937 Abbington v. Scemp , 1963 Civil rights Fourteenth amendment Thirteenth amendment Civil Rights Act of 1964# suffrage Fifteenth amendment poll taxes White primary Twenty fourth amendment Voting Rights Acts of 1965# Nineteenth amendment Equal Rights Amendment comparable worth American with Disabilities Act of 1990# affirmative action de facto segregation de jure segregation equal protection clause grandfather clause Jim crow laws racial gerrymandering separate but equal strict scrutiny Title IX Education Act of 1972 Age Discrimination in Employment Act Religious Freedom restitution Act Gratz v. Bollinger Grutter v. Bollinger Brown v Board of Education Shaw v. Reno Unit 3: Political Beliefs and Behaviors Ch. 10 Ch. 6 Legitimacy Referendum Initiative petition Suffrage Political efficacy # Civic duty Voter registration Motor Voter Act Mandate Theory of elections Policy voting Electoral college Retrospective voting. Attentative public Issue Advocacy Ads Party identification Australian Ballot Realigning elections Solid south Split ticket voting Straight ticket voting Swing state Baker v. Carr Reynolds v. Sims Wesberry v. Sanders Random sampling political culture # Exit poll public opinion Political ideology # melting pot sampling error reapportionment Political participation Political Action Committees Sampling error Demographics # Gender gap Independent Issue advocacy ads Political socialization Independent Unit 4: Media, Parties, Interest Groups, Campaigns Media Parties Interest groups Campaigns High tech politics Mass media Media event Press conferences Investigative journalism Print media Broadcast media Narrowcasting Chains Beats Trial balloons Sound bites# Talking head Policy agenda Policy entrepreneurs Fairness doctrine Feeding frenzy Horse race coverage/politics Selective perception Selective exposure Spin (control) Party competition Political party Linkage institution Party image Rational choice theory Party identification Ticket-splitting Party machines Patronage# Closed primaries Open primaries National convention National committee National chairperson Coalition Party eras Critical election Party realignment New Deal Coalition Party dealignment Party neutrality Third parties Winner take all system Proportional representation Coalition government Responsible party model Divided government Blanket primary Non partisan elections Office column ballot Party column ballot * Dealingment argument Unite rule Party platform Interest group Pluralist theory Elite theory Hyperpluralist theory Subgovernments Potential group Actual group Interest group Subgovernemnts